The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) limits the receipt of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly Food Stamp Program) to 3 months in a 3-year period for able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) who are not working, participating in, and complying with the requirements of a work program for 20 hours or more each week, or a workfare program.
Individuals are exempt from this provision if they are:
· under 18 or over 50 years of age;
· responsible for the care of a child or incapacitated household member;
· medically certified as physically or mentally unfit for employment, pregnant; or
· already exempt from the work requirements of the Food Stamp Act.
States may request a waiver of this provision for people in areas with an unemployment rate above 10 percent or for those in an area with insufficient jobs. States also have authority to exempt individuals using the 15% exemption authorized by the Balanced Budget Act.
The status of states' requests to waive the work requirements for ABAWDs, along with waiver coverage and expiration date, is available online in PDF format (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader) at:
WorkWORLD™ Help/Information System
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